The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

The five major world religions – John Bellaimey


Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.

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Comments

  1. Nice video…as a Hindu, just want to add that Hinduism's existence is considered to be of many more millennia as per our mythology…
    Lord Krishna is one of the many incarnations of Lord Vishnu and is preceded by few others as well.

  2. Christians say Jesus is this and Jesus is that, as though Christians love Jesus. I know the kind of love Christians have for Jesus, Christians wish nothing but death on him. I will give you a parable, it should tell you, how Christians and Jews are prophet killers. Lets say your family have gone on a road-trip on a bus and the bus ran into an accident with a train at railway-cross, you heard this news on tv, you would be extremely sadden to hear this news on tv that your family was on this bus, however later in the day you heard another news report saying no one was hurt in the accident, everyone is safe and sound, which would be an exciting news to hear you would be so relieved of depression that accident caused, which is so true for all human being on Earth.

  3. Hinduism is not started from krishna…because krishna is a 8th avatar of God Vishnu, Before krishna avatar, Vishnu incarnate as Matsya(Fish), Kurma(tortoise), Varaha(boar), Narasimha(Half Lion half human), Vamana(dwarf human), Parashurama(Human Warrior, ability to use weapons), Rama(human living in a society).

  4. the info about Sanaatana Dharma is way too basic. Also, Krishna didn't start anything. He simply made it much easier for us to understand the nature of the Atman. Also, the whole "social scale" thing is completely off. A complete understanding of the Brahman, Ekaruupataa (single-mindedness in happiness or sorrow), deliberate detachment from all distracting objects and persons, identification with the eternal truth, and self-satisfied Sushupti grant release from the cycle of births and deaths. Also sad to see some of the images being calendar pictures and generic drawings. Grow up, Ted. Other than that, nice vid.

  5. You don't believe them because they're true.
    They're true because you believe them.
    The more people who relay the broadcast, the stronger it becomes.
    It's not a matter of what's right and wrong.
    It's only a matter of how it's significant to you.
    Religion wasn't for me.
    Everyone finds their own meaning, it's pretty great. : )

  6. A reply from an atheist- Follow Any Religion,
    Respect other religions,
    Stay away from Ill practices done in the name of religion,
    No religion is superior so stop trying to prove your religion better.
    Chill humanity is bigger than religion.

  7. I hate how sikhism is never recognized as a major religion even though it’s actually the worlds 5th largest religion.

  8. I repeat, do NOT go below the comment section. There is WW3 down there. Go at your own risk if you want. Thank me later 😛

  9. 1st Krishna did not start hinduism. 2nd in india Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism technically are same. these r part of same indian tradition or sanatan dharma . religion is foreign word for india

  10. Islam is a very growing religion but sadly people still think Muslims are terriorrest . although Islam is perfect but we Muslims are not

  11. Finally war starts now. It has nothing to do with maturity In this era with a secret agenda to herd all religions into one under a LUCIFERIAN control..
    In spite of all the patronage of faulty philosophers to try contain God in their limited human understanding, there is objective TRUTH that remains unscathed. The creator is One, is outside of time, space and matter and is the cause uncaused. If anyone is honest enough to want to know the TRUTH, all he has to do is have an open mind, ask that only God to reveal Himself to the genuine seeker and believe me or not, the creator of the heavens and the earth will show up.
    May take time as He progressively guides you to Himself, and without doubt will come to the full knowledge of Him. Just be honest and sincere.

  12. I expected comment section to be full of hatred and disrespect but Waow ! It's so relaxing to see such peaceful comments of people from different religions. As a muslim I love you all

  13. Alright think about it like this. Judaism is the original. Christianity is the sequel. Islam is a spin-off the thinks the original happened but kind of ignores the sequel. Yes, this is an oversimplification, but it helped me to understand.

  14. Everything wrong with this video
    Thumbs down
    Make sure your facts are correct before making video
    Buddha was not born in India

  15. Buddhism comes from Hinduism and they are inspirations of "way of Life" or "life philosophy', they are not a religion.
    Religion are those with a book.
    1. Torat (🔁Tarot)
    2. Bible (in Arabic and in the Qoran Bible is called "Ingel" ≈ the word sounds like angel)
    3. Qoran (that word comes from iqra, which means read or study, or give yourself to the process of understanding)
    In Hebrew and in Arabic (maybe also in Aramaic) the word Qoranin means "those who read, or those who give themselves effort to understand)
    All 3 books together can be seen as a trilogy. Who reads only one of the three knows only a third.

  16. Hinduism isn't the religion of India. There are lots of other countries who also follow Hinduism. Also, Gautam Buddha was born as Siddhartha in Kapilvastu, Lumbini, which is present Nepal.

  17. I didn't believe in Islam.

    But Actually when I learned it, Islam, Quran is not a claim based personal faith.

    It's a book that can be tested by science. Even if you read it there's a passage provoke us to proove the mistakes in the book.

    and this book is a guide for life from…

    Yeah you know, what I going to say.

    Whether you believe it's true or not.
    A true truth lover, will investigate first.

    I found it as a truth.

    It's better you learn it first, or maybe all 5 major religion, why not.

    But learn from reliable source, which scientific & rational based research.

  18. Some of the information offered in this video are presented as facts when there are lots of speculation regarding them; there's no solid proof Jesus was crucified nor murdered in any manner nor ressurected.muslims believe that God raised him above and whoever was killed looked like him in physical appearance. Other pieces of information are not given in their complete context; for example, muslims are only required to give out Zakah to the poor if their net assests surpass a certain amount lest they become poor themselves from the act of giving.

  19. You've made a mistake in Shahada. "There is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is Allah' s final prophet"; in fact Allah is not male or female!

  20. A rather simplistic analysis of the history and beliefs of religions that ignores how humans went about inventing and enforcing ignorance and superstition to great cost for humanity.

  21. In Hinduism, We believe that just like Lord Krishna. Jesus and Buddha are incarnation of gods too. And hindu have this teaching that vishnu and shiva are actually one just like Islam's Allah.

  22. Not spreading hatred, just a question.
    Now that science has progressed, we know that there are almost an infinite number of stars and planets in our universe which can sustain life.
    Brahma/Allah/God built this universe. They have had conversation with their followers about life and virtues.
    So why isn't there any mention of life outside earth in scriptures and why can't we make contact with them with the help of God?

  23. This is episode 1
    https://youtu.be/T_lGiT41-IM
    In it you can find links to episode 2 and 3.
    PBS Eon is a good science channel.

  24. The beauty of hinduism is that, good deeds are not just helping the helpless or donating to the poor, in reality hinduism teaches that one must do good deeds according to their level, meaning if I am a student I can earn good karma by studying, or if I’m an elderly man I can provide support to others and teach them about our religion.

  25. Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life. If you are his Disciple you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free. The Kingdom of God is available for any and all who receive it. I thank God for this good news. My life has been transformed by this knowledge.

  26. Hi! I'm a Christian here too. Peace to us all! I'm so happy that everyone is here cause of this video. Thank you to the Lord our God for bringing us here. All the praises and glory is to the Lord our God and to his only begotten son, Lord Jesus Christ. Praise the Lord for his kindness and Glories. Salamat sa Diyos. 😸💝✝️

  27. Wrong! Hinduism dated back not to Krishna but to the arrival of indo Aryans. Krishna is a myth, were don't even know whether such a person existed.

  28. Buddha is born from Lumbini, Nepal. Well of course Nepal does not exist back there, might be sub-area of India. I have made a video about Buddha, check my channel.

  29. This video made on 2013, mention there are 1.5 billion Muslim. Now it's already 2020, the Muslim is already 1.7 billion.

  30. We all are stuck here with no actual idea… So all my brothers and sisters… Let's live happily and just live to our fullest.. don't worry LIFE IS WONDERFUL believe me.

  31. HELLO RANDOM HUMAN… BLESS U MAY YOU LIVE REST OF YOUR LIFE HAPPY AND MAY YOU HAVE THE STRENGTH TO FIGHT ALL YOUR PROBLEMS.. U R A MIRACLE ON YOUR OWN.❤️

  32. Religions were created to divide people… But if I wanna believe in some religion I'd believe in a 10,000 yr old religion rather than a 1400 yr old one…

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